A permanent resident card, also commonly referred to as a green card, is evidence that the alien bearer maintains permanent residency status in the United States.
There are various means by which an immigrant may proceed to obtain a permanent resident card. The most common method of obtaining a green card is through family-based immigration. Relatives of United States citizens including spouses, children, brothers or sisters may be eligible to obtain a permanent resident card. Additionally, relatives of lawful permanent residents including spouses, children, step children and adopted children may also be able to obtain a green card.
A second mechanism to obtain a permanent resident card is through employment-based immigration. Employment-based immigration is divided up into four separate categories.
The first employment-based category EB-1 is for priority workers including foreign nationals with extraordinary ability in the sciences, arts, education, business or athletics, or foreign nationals who are outstanding professors or researchers with at least three years experience in teaching or research
The second employment-based category EB-2 concerns professionals holding advanced degrees or at least five years of progressive post-bachelor experience or persons of exceptional ability in the arts, sciences or business.
The third employment-based category EB-3 covers skilled workers, professionals and other workers and their ability to obtain permanent resident card.
Finally, the fourth employment-based category EB-4 concerns special immigrants including ministers, religious workers, current or former United States government workers, a US citizen widow and US citizen or resident spouse who has suffered domestic abuse.
Obtaining a permanent resident card through investment is an alternate method for obtaining a permanent resident card in the United States. Foreign entrepreneurs who invest $500,000.00 and $1,000,000.00 in a commercial enterprise may be eligible to obtain an EB-5 visa and eventually a green card in the United States. Finally, there are a multitude of alternative mechanisms of obtaining permanent residency, the including green card lottery, adoption, asylum, as well as through a private congressional bill, eg. NACARA.
During legal permanent residency process is very convenient to obtain the assistance of a lawyer dedicated to the area of immigration, who has the expertise you need. This process requires you to provide the evidence necessary to demonstrate that you meet all the requirements established by law. An error or omission in the petition or in the presentation of such evidence may cause delays or denial of it.